What is Arrhythmia?
Arrhythmia is a condition characterised by the failure of the heart to contract/beat at the correct time.
The electrical system of the heart is a series of channels that carry ions (charged particles) in and out of cells that trigger the heart beat.
Cardiac Arrhythmia is due to an electrical "fault": the heart beats either too fast or too slow and is more often than not, fatal!
Relatively rare diseases called ion channelopathies can effect the electrical functioning of the heart without effecting the heart structure. This means they can only be detected in life and not at post-mortem. There are several different types of ion channelopathies including:
Long QT Syndrome (LQTS)
CPVT (catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachybardia)
ARVC (arrhythmogenic right ventricular caridiomyopathy)
PCCD (progressive cardiac conduction defect)
IVF (idopathic ventricular fibrillation)
Sodium channel disease
Structural heart disease is occasionally found to be a cause of SADS (between 1 and 2 in every 10 cases).
There is no confirmed statistical information in relation to SUDS. ie: There are no reliable percentages based on any syndromes 'above' or suspected/unascertained causes of sudden death in the young. Any percentages noted are estimates only. This needs to be addressed by all State and Territory Coroners in order for the ABS to appropriately classify deaths of possible or presumed aetiology or interpreted medical terminology
It is presumed, however, that there are between 5>10 cases of SADS (Sudden Arrhymthia Death Syndrome) in Australia per week. At most, we lose 500 young lives per year at least, we lose approximately 250 lives that were preventable. If the national road toll statistically showed this as a percentage of young lives lost, then there would be procedures put into place to dramatically reduce loss of life.
ASK Y recommends: Awareness for the general public and communities
IN CONJUNCTION WITH
Education for General Practitioners and Cardiologists to enable them to guide families and loved ones through a very daunting , confusing and confronting process
Integration between State and Territory Coroners with General Practitioners, Cardiologists, Electrophysiologists
State and Federal Government participation and acceptance of a 'cause' that needs to be highlighted as crucial on their AGENDA to provide funding for genetic testing and take particular interest into Myriad
ASK Y also endeavors to prompt the process of "loss" to automatically pursue all avenues, for immediate families, to follow in a compassionate, concise and informative manner.
Footnote: The role of the coroner is to determine 'Cause of Death' and to make recommendations to assist in the prevention of further loss of life
*Aetiology: Study of a cause ie; disease
*SUDS: Sudden Unexplained Death